First World War: Literature and Poetry

Thomas Ernest Hulme

Born in Staffordshire in 1883, T. E. Hulme attended St John's College, Cambridge. He was unsuccessful in his studies and had the unusual distinction of being sent down twice. Hulme, however, went on to become an influential writer in the field of modern art and literature. He was friendly with Ezra Pound and instrumental in introducing the American poet to English literary society. He was also largely responsible for bringing the philosophical works of Henri Bergson to English-speaking audiences through his translations from the original French. Hulme served in France as a private in the Honourable Artillery Company.

He was wounded in 1915, before being killed by a German shell in September 1917. Hulme's collected works were finally published in 1994. Hulme had an enormous influence on his contemporaries without gaining an enduring reputation of his own. Peter Ackroyd's biography of T. S. Eliot attributes to Hulme Eliot's 'new classicism', his ideas on simplicity and order, and his ideas on original sin. This small collection includes a German leaflet entitled 'Hunger', calling for an end to the Great War and describing the hunger being suffered by the German population at U DHU/8; and a photograph of Hulme in uniform at U DHU/11/1.

The online catalogue includes a detailed overview of this collection (ref U DHU).

Major O. A. Forsyth-Major

Major Forsyth-Major was a prolific but largely unsuccessful writer who wrote under many different noms de plume. These included John Beverley, Don Beverley, Guy Beverley, Barry Macdonald, Ian Mac, Ivor McIvor, Randolph Major, and Maxim Major. The only work by him to achieve publication, Elements of Tactics, was a series of lectures discussing the principles of military manoeuvre (1916).The collection includes Havoc Over Europe, an account of Forsyth-Major's wartime experiences, at U DFM/1/15; and a novel, The Phantom Legions: an Unfinished Symphony of War, 1914-1918, at U DFM/1/25.

The online catalogue includes a detailed overview of this collection (ref U DFM).

Paul George Konody

The art critic and historian Paul Konody was born in Budapest in 1872. He was educated in Vienna before coming to live in London in 1889. He wrote for The Observer and The Daily Mail, as well as editing The Artist during between 1900 and 1902. His published works cover a range of artists including Walter Crane, Velasquez, Raphael and Delacroix, as well as the relationship between art and war. He died in 1933.

The online catalogue includes a detailed overview of this collection (ref U DX126).