Second World War records - Air Raid
How can I find out more about the Civil Defence
Service’s role in the protection of Hull?
Precautions (ARP) began in Hull a few years prior to the start of
war due to the unstable situation in Europe. The Munich Crisis in
1938 saw ARP around the country become more active and raised
awareness amongst the public. Despite war being averted on this
occasion, the ARP committee continued their work to prepare the
city for the possible outbreak of war.
In 1941, Air Raid Precautions officially changed to Civil
Defence though the former term was also still used. When looking
for records online, search on both terms.
Different departments of Hull Corporation were involved in Civil
Defence work with the City Engineer’s Department playing one of the
largest roles in the operational issues and administration.
The records at C TSCD make up the City Engineer’s Civil Defence
collection. The records include the development of Hull’s Air Raid
Precautions scheme which included looking at the schemes of other
cities. This department also played a significant part in the
erection of air raid shelters around the city, including their
locations, construction and furnishing, such as signage, beds and
sanitation (C TSCD/25-37; 155-157; 290; 337-339 and 392-580).
There also files dealing with the disposal of shelters and other
Civil Defence structures after the war (C TSCD/610-664). They were
also responsible for sandbags for use in bomb protection and the
maintenance and repair of roads and utilities.
Other records in this collection show the department’s
involvement with the recruitment, training and administration of
volunteers. There are several files on large scale exercises that
took place in the city to prepare members of the service (see C
TSCD/227-239 and 375).
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