History of Hull Docks
Opened in July 1869. Built at a cost of £1m, the dock covered
seventeen acres and had one of the largest entrance locks in the
country. Initially referred to as the Western Dock, it was named
for Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales.
Named for Princess
Alexandra, the dock opened on 16 July 1885. It was built by the
controversial Hull & Barnsley Railway in an effort to challenge
the regional monopoly held by North Eastern Railways. This eastern
terminus facilitated the exportation of coal originating from the
collieries of South Yorkshire, as well as recieving timber pit
props imported from Scandanavia. An extension to the dock was added
Construction started in 1807
and it opened to shipping in 1809. It closed to shipping in August
1967, before closing permanently in 1969. It was later redeveloped
and in 1983 opened as part of the Marina.
Opened in 1829 and later
renamed Prince’s Dock in honour of Prince Albert for the Royal
visit in 1854. The dock was open for 139 years and closed for
shipping in 1968. It was later redeveloped and opened as Princes’
Quay Shopping Centre in 1991.
Designed by Sir Benjamin Baker, an eminent
engineer of the period who also consulted on the Aswan Dam, the
Forth Bridge and London's Metropolitan Railway, the dock opened on
26 June 1914. Built as a joint development between the Hull &
Barnsley Railway and North Eastern Railway, it was the first
fully-electrified dock in the country. The roll on– roll off ferry
service began in 1965, sailing between Hull and Rotterdam and later
from Hull to Zeebrugge.
shipping on Friday 18 June 1846 and officially opened on 3 December
1846. The dock was closed to shipping in 1968 – 9 and sold to the
Hull Corporation. The Railway Dock now forms part of the
Opened in 1907 and used
for quick handling of vessels on overnight runs to and from the
continent, mainly carrying perishable goods inwards and carrying
passengers both ways. Railway facilities were built alongside the
quay which meant it become part of the journey for many
European migrants, who disembarked at Hull, then went by train to
Liverpool to join the Ocean Liners for the journey to
St. Andrew's Dock
on Monday 24 September 1883 and named after the Patron Saint of
Fishermen, St Andrew, though known to many simply as 'Fish Dock'.
In 1972 it was decided to move the fishing industry to its new home
on Albert Dock and on 3 November 1975 St. Andrews was closed
to shipping. In 1985 the dock was filled in and it is now the site
of a retail park named St. Andrew’s Quay.
Salt End Oil Jetties
1914 the North Eastern Railway Company began construction on the
No. 1 Oil Jetty at Salt End, one mile east of King George Dock.
began on 19 October 1775 and opened officially on Tuesday 22
September 1778. At the time it was the largest dock in the Kingdom.
It was simply named The Dock, then it was called The Old Dock until
1854, when it was renamed Queens’s Dock in honour of the Royal
visit by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The dock was in use for
150 years and finally closed in 1930. It was purchased by Hull
Corporation for £100,000. Over the next four years it was filled in
and landscaped and became known as Queen’s Gardens.
Excavations started in September 1845 and the first
stone was laid on the 5 November 1846. It opened on Wednesday 3
July 1850. In 1964 the entrance to the Victoria Dock from the River
Hull was closed and remodelled. The dock closed on 1 February
1970. In 1988, a £63m scheme was started to redevelop the derelict
dock into a dockland village.
Opened on Monday 24 May 1873 and named after
William Wright, the chairman of the Hull Dock Company. The Albert
and William Wright docks were joined together in 1910. In the late
50’s, the Albert dock was redeveloped and in 1959 half of the south
side had been reconstructed. In October 1972 the docks were closed
to commercial traffic. Due to the changing needs of the fishing
industry, it was refurbished and in November 1975 the docks were
again transferred to the fishing industry. It was inaugurated by
the Rt. Hon. Frederick Peart M.P. Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food on the 27 February 1976. It also supports a ship
repair operation and cargo vessels.
The History centre
holds a large number of maritime related collections many of which
will contain direct and in-direct reference to Hull's docks. The
most obvious being the records of
Associated British Ports (Ref C DPD) but other
collections including Drypool Engineering (C DBD), Earle's
Shipbuilding (U DEA), Ellerman's Wilson Line (U DEW) and Horsley
Smith Timber Co., Ltd. (U DHS) may be of interest. Please see our
source guide on Docks and Trade (PDF)
for more information.